Lesson 4: Body Mechanics
SECTION I. Techniques of Body Mechanics
Some of the most common injuries sustained by members of the health care team are severe musculoskeletal strains. Many injuries can be avoided by the conscious use of proper body mechanics when performing physical labor.
Body mechanics is the utilization of correct muscles to complete a task safely and efficiently, without undue strain on any muscle or joint.
Maintain a Stable Center of Gravity.
Maintain Proper Body Alignment.
Use proper body mechanics in order to avoid the following:
4-7. STEPS INVOLVED IN PROPERLY MOVING AN OBJECT TO A NEW LOCATION
The following paragraph takes you through the process of moving (lifting, pivoting, squatting, and carrying) a heavy object. (The same rules would apply to moving a patient.) The object will be moved from a waist high area to a lower area five to ten feet away. The procedure will combine all the rules of body mechanics previously discussed.
Identify the object to be moved.
Adopt a stable base of support.
Grasp the object at its approximate center of gravity.
Pull the object toward your body's center of gravity using your arm and leg muscles.
Re-establish your base of support and appropriate body alignment.
Pivot toward the desired direction of travel.
Re-establish a stable base of support and appropriate body alignment.
Squat and place the object onto the lower area.
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